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We tend not to think too much about our teeth until there is a problem, such as the need for a filling or perhaps you start to notice a sensitivity in one of your teeth when you eat or drink something really cold. Other procedures may include those carried out by a Dental Implant Cardiff professional and require more work than your standard check-up. Our teeth are incredible structures.

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Essentially there are two main parts to our teeth the part of the tooth that is visible above the gum line and then root part that is found below the gum and embedded into our jaws. The root anchors the tooth into place.

The outer part of all of our teeth are covered in enamel which is the hardest substance found naturally in the human body. The enamel on our teeth is what takes the daily assault of the impact of the food we eat. The enamel can over time start to be affected by sugary drinks and foods and the acid that is found in some of these as well. The enamel covers the more sensitive part of the tooth known as the dentine. When you notice a sensitivity in your tooth it could be that the enamel is either complete eroded away or not functioning properly to prevent the sensitive dentine from being affected. Below the dentine is soft tissue known as pulp that is made up of blood and houses the nerve supply to the tooth. The pulp covers an area from the crown right down to the very tip of the root.

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Now we come to the root area, this is covered by cementum which is similar to enamel but not are hard. This tissue covers the entire root structure.

Our teeth are then surrounded by other structures including the periodontal ligament which are fibres that hold the cementum into the bony socket and anchor the teeth into the jaw bone. The ligament is much like others found in our bodies and acts as a kind of shock absorber. The gingivae or gums as it is better known is the soft tissue that lines the area around the teeth and jaw bone. This helps to protect these areas as well as helping to provide a surface over which salvia can easily move. Finally, there is a blood and neve supply to each tooth which is what helps it to remain healthy and to function correctly.


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