Fibromyalgia is a disease of recent characterization that affects mainly adult women. It causes fatigue, pain throughout the body and general malaise. In addition to the physical consequences, it also promotes strong problems in terms of mood. Next, we will explain how fibromyalgia affects this last aspect.
Factors that worsen mood
There are multiple factors that affect the mood of patients with fibromyalgia. In this section, we will develop them, on the one hand, those related to their daily life and on the other those related to the medical field.
A patient suffering from nonspecific discomfort and pain throughout the body can no longer function as he had been doing all his life. He feels that he can not carry out his tasks, whatever their nature. They suppose much more effort than before and they are much more difficult.
In addition, the cause of its occurrence is unknown, although it is suspected that it has to do with stress or with traumatic events that occurred in the past. It does not have an organic cause (physical and quantifiable), as the vast majority of diseases. For this reason, in the family and social environment, the daily symptoms of the disease tend to be underestimated.
As in any pathology, it is very important that the patient receives encouragement and support from those around him. That a patient is described as a complainant or receives comments such as “nothing happens to you” makes the process of the disease very difficult.
At a medical level, there are also obstacles, in the first instance at the time of diagnosis. The patient is embarrassed to go to the doctor to tell him that he does not know what is happening to him, that his whole body hurts. And it’s a blow for him to receive a diagnosis like this.
In the course of the disease, symptoms appear that primary care doctors are not entirely aware of. They do not identify them with anything and propose empirical treatments that are often ineffective. Patients often resort to natural remedies. This generates a strong feeling of frustration and helplessness.
How fibromyalgia affects mood
Depending on various factors (personality, environment, ability to resilience) the effect of mood can occur in different ways:
Major depressive disorder
It is a serious and disabling alteration. The patient finds himself lacking in energy and willingness to do things (this is known as abulia). He feels sad, depressed and tends to cry.
His thinking becomes pessimistic, magnifies negative thoughts and suppresses positive ones. His language and movements slow down. She also presents anhedonia, that is, she is unable to enjoy the activities she used to like. They sometimes tend to isolate themselves from their surroundings.
Keep reading: Celiac disease: Symptoms and caring for celiac disease
Adjustment disorder with depression
The adaptation disorder appears when an adverse event arises (in this case fibromyalgia) that exceeds the capacity of adaptation of the person. It is not able to overcome this negative circumstance and that causes, in this case, depressed mood.
Dysthymia: is the term with which chronic depression is known, which lasts more than two years. It has more or less the same characteristics as a major depressive disorder but in a milder way.
Vegetative disorders: are caused by the lack of balance between the sympathetic nervous system and the parasympathetic nervous system.
Somatizations: In the context of some mental states, symptoms and nonspecific ailments may occur. Again, they do not correspond to anything organic, they are secondary to the mind controlling the body. These ailments are recurrent (repeated from time to time) and inexplicable.
Dysphoria: The mood of patients with dysphoria becomes irritable in the face of any event.
Anxiety: The patient is nervous, with a tendency to startle. There are many types of anxiety, but the most common is generalized. Any unforeseen event becomes an extreme difficulty, which produces great discomfort and concern. It produces various somatizations.
So if you know someone with fibromyalgia, we invite you to show them your full support! It’s harder than you think!
We also invite you to read this article: http://www.speakymagazine.com/chronic-fatigue-methods-dealing/